This page was last updated/expanded on 9 November 2017. The resources under “Basic Information on (C)APD” may be helpful for people who are still figuring out if you might have (central) auditory processing disorder (C/APD) or not. Please note two additional pages:
- “Finding Other People with APD” lists Facebook groups, a Listserver, Tumblr sites, Twitter, and other online places where you can connect with other people who have auditory processing issues. No, you do *not* need an official diagnosis to join these.
- “Sign Language Resources,” for people who are thinking of learning sign language.
How to Find Specialists in APD
International Map of APD Practitioners
Looking for a specialist who can diagnose if you have auditory processing disorder? Or looking for a specialist who can offer therapy related to your APD? Search the map or enter your address in the search field. If your country is empty for now, it may simply be that people familiar with practitioners in your country have not yet submitted information for the map.
Organizations for/of/by People with (Central) Auditory Processing Disorder
The Auditory Processing Disorder Foundation
This organization works to raise awareness about APD among parents, teachers, and medical personnel around the world. Mostly targeted at parents and teachers of young children, but has some basic information on APD.
Auditory Processing Disorder in the UK
This organization promotes awareness of APD in the UK, particularly in education and employment.
CAPDsupport is working to gain awareness and recognition for Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) in the United States, while supporting and educating those who have APD. Check their “What is APD” section, “Communities” section, and “Resources” section for more information and links.
Basic Information on (C)APD
Auditory Processing in Adults: Beyond the Audiogram
Provides guidance for audiologists in realizing the need to look beyond the audiogram in diagnosis of possible auditory processing disorder and considering approaches to identifying and assessing the disorder. Although meant for audiologists, some of the information may be of interest to people trying to decide if they might have auditory processing disorder, or wanting to educate their audiologist. Note that the article, dated 2008, is a bit old.
Living and Working with a Central Auditory Processing Disorder
Provides information to help adults figure out if they might have central auditory processing disorder.
Answers some of the most common questions that people ask about Auditory Processing Disorder.
Auditory Processing Disorder: It’s Not Just Kids Who Have Them
An old (but perhaps still useful) article from The Hearing Journal about auditory processing disorder among adults.
What is CAPD?
Describes symptoms of CAPD and four different subtypes of CAPD.
What is Auditory Processing Disorder?
Summarizes some of what the experience of having APD can be like.
Additional Explanations About APD
Links to more explanations about what APD is.
Adults and APD: How Does Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) Affect Adults?
Describes some of the ways that APD can affect adults.
(Central) Auditory Processing Disorder
This technical report was developed by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Working Group on Auditory Processing Disorders. Defines (C)APD, discusses screening, diagnosing, and intervention for (C)APD, and the need for further research.
Useful APD Links
A collection of many links that one user with auditory processing disorder feels are useful for people with APD. Meant to be “user friendly” for people with APD. However, I am not sure if it is “screen reader” friendly for people who need to rely on text to voice or braille software to read the web. Links are usually from pictures of animals, which are positioned above the text that explains what the links are.
Pearltrees APD Related Links
More APD-related links from the same user who created the “Useful APD Links” collection
Draggo APD Links
Links to research and journal articles and books about APD, collected by dolfrog, the person who assembled the “Useful APD Links”.
Living with (Central) Auditory Processing Disorder
The author of the “Andrea’s Buzzing About” blog shares her personal experiences with CAPD and provides some useful links at the bottom. Many more people with CAPD use the comments area to share their own personal experiences as well.
YouTube Videos on APD
All videos listed here have captions for those of us who can’t understand videos without them.
Ask an Autistic – What is Central Auditory Processing Disorder
Provides an overview of what CAPD is, what makes it different from being deaf or hard of hearing, and some ways that other people can accommodate the needs of people with CAPD, including children. Although this video is targeted at autistic people and the people they know, the information is general enough to be helpful for non-autistic people, too.
Sign Language Resources
Some people with CAPD decide to learn the signed language used in their country as another way to understand people and communicate. If this is something you are interested in, then check out the Sign Language Resources page for some background information and for a few useful web links.
Finding Captioned Television, Videos and Movies
Many people with APD, similar to people who are deaf or hard of hearing, find it easier to understand television or films with captions. Read on below for guidance on finding movie theaters that display films with captions (usually with a caption device that you will need to pick up at the theater), finding YouTube video channels with captions, or using captions with your TV at home and elsewhere.
CaptionFish, for finding captioned movies in the U.S.
Depending on your country and region, some of your local movie theaters may offer special devices that allow you to see captions for the movie you wish to watch. There are two main types of captioning devices used: captioning “glasses” that you wear (used at Regal Theaters in the US), or a screen displaying captions that can be installed in the drink holder at your movie theater seat (used at AMC theaters in the US). The “Caption Fish” website allows you to plug in your U.S. zip code to find out what movies at which theaters in your area might be offering captioned movies. This is not perfect and may miss some captioned showings. Other countries may have similar technologies or similar websites for finding which theaters offer them for which movies.
Captioned Web TV
If you like watching videos produced for the web, then check this website for listings of regularly released web television programs on YouTube and elsewhere that are consistently made with captions. You can search by genre or topic, etc. This is not a listing of one-off captioned videos, rather it focuses on web TV channels and series.
Captioned Television, DVDs, Blue Rays, etc.
If you are in the United States, then federal law requires television sets 13 inches and larger be built with a caption decoder chip inside. Sometimes toggling the captions on or off may be as simple as using the caption button (cc for “closed captions”) on your remote. But sometimes you may have to do a lot of hunting through all the menus to find where the captions can be toggled. Even then, sometimes you may have to toggle on the caption chip in your television and your DVD player and whatever other devices you have hooked up to your television before the captions will finally appear on your screen. There also are U.S. federal laws requiring most broadcast and cable television to use captions. These laws, of course, do not apply outside of the U.S.–but if your country imports a lot of television sets and TV programming from the U.S., then you might still be able to turn on the caption decoder in your television to watch U.S.-imported programming. Your country might also have its own regulations encouraging captioned television, or else an active deaf community that has successfully pressured television stations and DVD/blue ray/video producers to use captions.
Note that, although US law requires the movie on DVDs, blue rays, and videos to have captions, the law does not require special features on the blue ray/DVD/etc to have captions. (The law was passed when people were still mostly using videos, before the concept of special features on dvds or blue rays were a thing.) Therefore, captioning for special features will be hit and miss–sometimes they’ll be available, sometimes they won’t, and the only reliable way to find out is to try and see. This situation will probably not change until the law is updated to require that special features, too, should have captions.
Options for Phone Communication
Similar to people who are deaf or hard of hearing, people with APD may find it frustrating and difficult to communicate on the phone. Various technologies are available that may help. An overview of options follow below. But this is not a comprehensive listing–you are encouraged to do your own googling on the various technologies that deaf and hard of hearing people use for phone communication, as many of these technologies might also be suitable for you. The listing of a particular company is not meant to be a recommendation, links are provided for informational purposes only.
If you have no difficulty with speaking and simply need help to understand what the other person says, then you may wish to consider a “captioned phone.” This technology, available in the U.S. (and maybe some other countries?), basically involves having a phone with a screen that shows captions for what the other person says. A live person transcribes the conversation. This person is always held to very strict regulations on confidentiality and will never speak about any conversation they transcribe or the identities of the people involved or any of its content with anyone.
- Learn more about how this technology works.
- Just a few examples of companies providing captioned phones include: CapTel, Clear Captions, CaptionCall, and others (please google for information on further options, including options that may work with your mobile phone).
- One advantage of a captioned phone is that you do not have to tell the person you are talking with that you are using this technology–which means you don’t have to defend your use of this technology to people who are refusing to understand that your APD really does create difficulty in understanding them on the phone. You don’t need the other person’s cooperation to use a captioned phone, you just need to have the equipment in place.
If you have difficulty with both understanding and speaking, then you may wish to consider using a text phone, also sometimes known as a TTY or TDD). This technology, available in many (not all) countries, enables you to type what you say, then read what the other person types back to you. If the person you want to talk with does not have their own text phone, then in the U.S. and in many other countries (not all), you can use the TTY relay service, which connects you to a person who can transcribe for you what the other person says to you and can speak aloud what you type in the text phone.
- Read some basic information about TTYs and TTY relay services in the US here.
- More information about TTYs/TDDs here.
- More information on TTY relay services in the US.
- Here is just one example of a place that sells TTYs.
- And this place sells them too.
- Please google for further options.
- You can use your computer as a text phone.
- As just one example, Sprint can do a computer-based text relay call, that works pretty similar to TTY relay service except that the entire text-based conversation happens on your computer. But there are other providers/companies that do this also.
- Read some basic information about how IP relay (computer-based text relay) works.
- Here is an example of software for your PC that will function like a TTY, except via your computer. Google for other software options, and do some comparison shopping before choosing the one you want.
- You can use your mobile phone as a text phone. As just an example, Sprint can do text relay calls via an app that you can install in your mobile phone — look around for other businesses that can do the same and do some comparison shopping before you choose an app.
- This page lists various mobile phone applications useful for deaf/hard of hearing people, perhaps some could also be useful for people with APD.
For people with APD who use sign language as a primary mode of communication, you may wish to consider using a video phone. Although it is possible to have a special dedicated video phone just for that purpose (usually connected to a television set for the video portion), there are also various software options you could download into your computer or mobile phone. You could then use video relay services to communicate with people who only use voice. Video relay is available in the U.S.–and very recently became available in Canada as well. Not all countries have it available. A few examples of video relay services include Sorenson, the US federal government, ZVRS, Purple, and others (google to find more).
In the United States, people who say that they are deaf and use sign language as their primary mode of communication can apply to get a video phone (whether a separate device, or for your computer or mobile) for free. This will usually be a video phone specifically designed for deaf people that does not offer the option of using voice, only visual (signed) communication. If you want a separate video phone device (ie, not in your computer or mobile), then you would be responsible for providing a TV to be connected to the video phone. The video phone would come with its own built in camera.If you succeed in receiving one of these free video phones and want to speak for yourself when communicating with people who don’t sign, then you would need to use a video relay service with a separate voice phone line. In my limited experience, they don’t ask to see an audiogram from people applying for a free video phone. Depending on your tech needs, they might send a signing deaf person to your home or office to install the needed equipment or software, or (if you feel IT-competent) you may be able to install it into your computer or mobile on your own once they accept your application and give you a phone number.
These days, it is also possible to obtain video phone software for your computer, designed for hearing speaking non-APD people. However, I have no experience with these and do not know how well they work for people who sign. (I tried to google and saw one that seems to come with this really small screen that might not work well for people signing to each other, but maybe there are better options I haven’t discovered yet.) I also don’t know if it would be feasible to use these to dial a video relay service. For this, I’m afraid you will need to research further on your own. (But if you find good web links you think I should add here, please let me know!)
Skype, of course, has video capability. I am not aware of a Skype video relay service existing in the US, but there apparently is a Skype video relay service in Australia for people who use Auslan. Try google for your country.
More Recommendations received from various individuals
- I’ve been told that LDOnline has, or at least used to have, some kind of online support group for adults with CAPD. I have not had success finding it on their website, but if anyone else knows more please share your information in the comments area below.